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About the effects of excessive intake of “alcohol” and the appropriate amount

This year is coming to an end and the year-end party season is upon us.

You may have more opportunities to drink alcohol.

Enjoying drinking is one way to keep your mind and body healthy, such as relieving stress and deepening friendships with others. However, if you take too much, it can have various effects on your body.

Know the effects of excessive alcohol consumption and the appropriate amount of alcohol to prevent overdrinking.

Effects of drinking alcohol on the body

Fatty liver 

Alcohol that enters the body is detoxified in the liver and excreted from the body.

Fat accumulates in the liver due to abnormal liver function during the detoxification process.

Continuing to drink alcohol when you have fatty liver can lead to hepatitis.

Acute alcohol poisoning

Consuming a large amount of alcohol may lower the level of consciousness, leading to dangerous situations such as vomiting and worsening of respiratory condition. Incidents leading to death due to binge drinking of alcohol are reported almost every year. December is the time when the number of hospitalized patients due to acute alcohol poisoning is the highest throughout the year (*1).

Don’t think it’s someone else’s problem, be careful not to drink too much or let your child drink too much.

Relationship with cancer

Alcohol consumption is known to cause cancer of the mouth, pharynx, larynx, esophagus, liver, large intestine, and breast in women (*2). Alcohol itself is carcinogenic, and the risk of carcinogenesis from drinking is particularly high for those who have a reddened face after drinking a small amount of alcohol because their ability to decompose acetaldehyde, which is produced by the metabolism of alcohol, is low.

Women and the elderly should drink less

In general, women are said to break down alcohol at a slower rate than men.

Women are more prone to organ damage than men, and the risk of diseases peculiar to women, such as breast cancer and fetal developmental disorders due to drinking during pregnancy, increases (*3).

Older people are more likely to break down alcohol at a slower rate than younger people, and their blood alcohol concentration tends to rise. In addition, excessive drinking is a strong risk factor for diseases related to healthy life expectancy, such as cerebrovascular disease, bone fractures, and dementia (*4).

Based on the above, it is recommended that women and the elderly consume less alcohol.

Decrease sleep quality

Some people who drink alcohol regularly cannot sleep without drinking alcohol. Alcohol certainly has the ability to induce sleep. However, on the other hand, it causes waking up in the middle of sleep and early morning awakening, which significantly reduces the quality of sleep. Also, due to the diuretic effect of alcohol, going to the bathroom at night can also interfere with sleep. If you have insomnia, it is important to eliminate the cause of insomnia instead of relying on alcohol. If you don’t know the cause, and you can’t solve it yourself, we recommend you to see a doctor once.

Have a happy and healthy year-end and New Year holidays with moderate drinking

have a good time

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